Today in History

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October 14th

  • In 1884 George Eastman receives a U.S. Government patent on his new paper-strip photographic film.
  • In 1888 Louis Le Prince films the first motion picture: Roundhay Garden Scene.
  • In 1912 Theodore Roosevelt, is shot and mildly wounded, but he still carries out his public speech.

October 15th

  • In 1582 the Gregorian calendar starts. In Italy, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Oct 4 follows by Oct 15.
  • In 1878 the Edison Electric Light Company begins operation.
  • In 1951 the first episode of I Love Lucy, an American television sitcom, airs on CBS.

October 16th

  • In 1384 Jadwiga is crowned King of Poland, although she is a woman.
  • In 1846 William Morton 1st demonstrated ether anesthesia at the Massachusetts General Hospital.
  • In 1869 Girton College, Cambridge is founded, becoming England's 1st residential college for women.

October 17th

  • In 1860 the first The Open Championship (referred to in North America as the British Open) occurs.
  • In 1888 Thomas Edison files a patent for the Optical Phonograph (the first movie).
  • In 1965 the 1964–65 World's Fair closes. More than 51 million people had attended the event.

October 18th

  • In 1648 Boston Shoemakers form first American labor organization.
  • In 1775 African-American poet Phillis Wheatley is freed from slavery.
  • In 1851 Herman Melville's Moby-Dick is first published as The Whale by Richard Bentley of London.

October 19th

  • In 1386 the Universität Heidelberg held its first lecture, making it the oldest German university.
  • In 1789 Chief Justice John Jay is sworn in as the first Chief Justice of the United States.
  • In 2003 Mother Teresa is beatified by Pope John Paul II.

October 20th

  • In 1803 the United States Senate ratifies the Louisiana Purchase.
  • In 1873 Yale, Princeton, Columbia, and Rutgers draft the first code of American football rules.
  • In 1973 the Sydney Opera House opens.

October 21st

  • In 1774 First display of "Liberty" on a flag, raised by colonists in MA in defiance of British rule.
  • In 1879 Thomas Edison invents a workable electric light bulb at his laboratory, lasting 13.5 hours.
  • In 1945 women are allowed to vote in France for the first time.

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