Today in History

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August 20th

  • In 1775, the Spanish establish the Presidio San Augustin del Tucson in Tucson, Arizona.
  • In 1858 Charles Darwin first publishes his theory of evolution through natural selection.
  • In 1866 President Andrew Johnson formally declares the American Civil War over.

August 21st

  • In 1770 James Cook formally claims eastern Australia for Great Britain, naming it New South Wales.
  • In 1821 Jarvis Island is discovered by the crew of the ship, Eliza Frances.
  • In 1888 the first successful adding machine in the US is patented by William Seward Burroughs.

August 22nd

  • In 565 Columba reports seeing a monster in Loch Ness, Scotland.
  • In 1654 Jacob Barsimson arrives in New Amsterdam. He is the 1st known Jewish immigrant to America.
  • In 1848 the United States annexes New Mexico.

August 23rd

  • In 1541 French explorer Jacques Cartier lands near Quebec City in his third voyage to Canada.
  • In 1784 Western North Carolina declares itself a state; it is not accepted, and lasts 4 years.
  • In 1923 Smith and Richter did the 1st mid-air refueling, making a record of 37 hrs flight.

August 24th

  • In 1215 Pope Innocent III declares Magna Carta invalid.
  • In 1682 William Penn receives the area of Delaware, and adds it to his colony of Pennsylvania.
  • In 1875 Captain Matthew Webb became first person to swim the English Channel.

August 25th

  • In 1825 Uruguay declares its independence from Brazil.
  • In 1916 the United States National Park Service is created.
  • In 2012 Voyager 1 spacecraft enters interstellar space becoming the first man-made object to do so.

August 26th

  • In 1791 John Fitch is granted a United States patent for the steamboat.
  • In 1920 the 19th amendment to U.S. Constitution takes effect, giving women the right to vote.
  • In 2011 the Boeing 787 Dreamliner, a new airliner, receives certification from EASA and the FAA.

August 27th

  • In 1859 petroleum is found in Titusville, PA leading to the world's 1st successful oil well.
  • In 1896 there is the shortest war in history (09:00 to 09:45), between the U.K. and Zanzibar.
  • In 1939 the 1st flight of the turbojet Heinkel He 178, the world's first jet aircraft occurs.

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