Today in History
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- In 1867 Passing by a single vote, the Senate ratifies a treaty for purchasing Alaska from Russia.
- In 1957 The Suez Canal in Egypt is cleared and opens to shipping.
- In 1965 the Astrodome opens in Houston, Texas. First indoor baseball game is played.
- In 1872 The first Arbor Day is celebrated in Nebraska.
- In 1953 Warner Bros. premieres House of Wax, the first 3D film from a major American studio.
- In 1970 Paul McCartney announces that he is leaving The Beatles for personal and professional reasons.
- In 1945 American forces liberate the Buchenwald concentration camp.
- In 1957 United Kingdom agrees to Singaporean self-rule.
- In 1989 Ron Hextall becomes the first goaltender in NHL history to score a goal in the playoffs.
- In 1861 The American Civil War begins in Charleston, South Carolina.
- In 1945 President Roosevelt dies while in office; vice-president Harry Truman is sworn in.
- In 1955 The polio vaccine, developed by Dr. Jonas Salk, is declared safe and effective.
- In 1902 James C. Penney opens his first store in Kemmerer, Wyoming.
- In 1953 CIA director Allen Dulles launches the mind-control program Project MKULTRA.
- In 1997 Tiger Woods becomes the youngest golfer to win the Masters Tournament.
- In 1927 The first Volvo car premieres in Gothenburg, Sweden.
- In 1956 In Chicago, videotape is first demonstrated.
- In 2003 The Human Genome Project is complete: 99% of the genome is sequenced at 99.99% accuracy.
- In 1923 Insulin becomes generally available for use by people with diabetes.
- In 1947 Jackie Robinson debuts for the Brooklyn Dodgers, breaking baseball's color line.
- In 1964 The first Ford Mustang debuts, two days before it is set to go on sale nationwide.
- In 1818 The US Senate ratifies the Rush-Bagot Treaty, establishing the border with Canada.
- In 1908 Natural Bridges National Monument is established in Utah.
- In 2003 The Treaty of Accession is signed in Athens admitting ten new members to the European Union.
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